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The History Of Witchcraft 

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 Part 7

Witchcraft, sorcery, magic, whatever can only begin to find its 
roots when we go back as far as Mesopotamia. With their deities 
for all types of disasters, such as Utug - the Dweller of the 
Desert waiting to take you away if you wandered to far, and 
Telal - the Bull Demon, Alal - the destroyer, Namtar - 
Pestilence, Idpa - fever, and Maskim - the snaresetter; the days 
of superstitution were well underway.

It was believed that the pharaohs, kings, etc. all imbued some 
power of the gods, and even the slightest movement they made 
would cause an action to occur. It was believed that a picture, 
or statue also carried the spirit of the person. This is one of 
the reasons that they were carried from place to place, and also 
explains why you see so many pictures and statues of these 
persons with their hands straight to their sides. 

In the Bible, we find reference to "The Tower of Babel" or The 
Ziggurat in Genesis 11. "Now the whole world had one language and 
a common speech. As men moved eastward, they found a plain in 
Shinar (Babylonia) and settled there. They said to each other, 
`Come, let's make bricks and bake them thoroughly.' They used 
brick instead of stone, and tar instead of mortar. Then they 
said, `Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that 
reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves 
and not be scattered over the face of the whole earth.' But the 
Lord came down to see the city and the tower that the men were 
building. The Lord said,`If as one people speaking the same 
language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do 
will be impossible for them. Come let us go down and confuse 
their language so they will not understand each other.'" It goes 
on to say that the tower was never finished.

In other references, we find that the "Tower" was in fact 
finished, and that it was a tower that represented the "stages" 
between earth and heaven (not a tower stretching to the heaven in 
the literal sense.) From this reference, it was a tower built in 
steps. A hierarchy on which heaven and hell were based. It was 
actually a miniature world representing the Mountain of Earth.
Each stage was dedicated to a planet, with its angles symbolizing 
the four corners of the world. They pointed to Akkad, Saburtu, 
Elam, and the western lands. The seven steps of the tower were 
painted in different colors which corresponded to the planets. 
The "Great Misfortune:, Saturn, was black. The second was white, 
the color of Jupiter. The third, brick-red, the color of 
Mercury, followed by blue, Venus; yellow, Mars, gray or silver 
for the moon. These colors boded good or evil, like their 

For the first time, numbers expressed the world order. A legend 
depicts Pythagoras traveling to Babylon where he is taught the 
mystery of numbers, their magical significance and power. The 
seven steps often appear in magical philosophy. The seven steps 
are: stones, fire, plants, animals, man, the starry heavens, and 
the angels. Starting with the study of stones, the man of wisdom 
will attain higher and higher degrees of knowledge, until he will 
be able to apprehend the sublime, and the eternal. Through 
ascending these steps, a man would attain the knowledge of God, 
whose name is at the eighth degree, the threshold of God's 
heavenly dwelling. 

The square was also a "mystical" symbol in these times, and 
though divided into seven, was still respected. This correlated 
the old tradition of a fourfold world being reconciled with the 
seven heavens of later times. 

It is thought that here was the start to numerology, but for this 
to have developed to the point where they had taken into 
consideration the square as the fourfold world, it would have had 
to have developed prior to this.

From Mesopotamia lets move over to Persia.


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